Categories
Pulmonary

फेफड़ों के रोग क्या होते है? यदि इनके लक्षणों पर ध्यान न दिया जाये तो किन परेशानियों का सामना करना पड़ सकता है?

जैसे की हम जानते है की फेफड़ों के रोग की समस्या से लगभग हर कोई ग्रस्त है| जैसे ही आपको लगे कि आप निम्नलिखित किसी समस्या के लक्षणों का सामना कर रहे हैं, वैसे ही आपको Pulmonologist in Punjab की सहायता से उस रोग को शुरू में ठीक कर देना चाहिए| कई Pulmonologist केबल एक ही फेफड़ों से जुडी केवल एक ही बीमारी से जुड़े लक्षणों और उपचार को ध्यान में रखते है जैसे की Chest specialist in Ludhiana केवल छाती से जुड़े रोगों की समस्या को हल करते है|

  • अस्थमा

  • क्रोनिक ब्रोंकाइटिस

  • सिस्टिक फाइब्रोसिस

  • क्रोनिक ऑब्सट्रक्टिव पल्मोनरी डिजीज

  • फेफड़ो का कैंसर

  • निमोनिया

फेफड़ों के रोग असल में होते क्या है?

अगर कोई रोग फेफड़ों को और शवासन प्रणाली को बुरी तरह प्रभावित करके आपको साँस की कमी और सांस फूलने जैसी समस्याओं को जनम देता है, तो उसे हम फेफड़ों का रोग कहते है|

फेफड़ों के रोग के क्या क्या लक्षण है?

निम्नलिखित लक्षण फेफड़ों की समस्या होने का अंदेशा देते है:

  • यदि आपको साँस लेने और छोड़ने में दिक्कत हो रही है और या फिर इस प्रक्रिया के दौरान आप दर्द को अनुभव करते है, तो आपको तुरंत ही डॉक्टर के पास जाना चाहिए|

  • शरीर के तापमान में वृद्धि होना और बहुत ज़्यादा ठण्ड लगना|

  • लिम्फ नोड्स में बहुत ज़्यादा सूजन होना|

  • सांस फूलना

  • अचानक ही शरीर का वजन घटना

हम किस प्रकार से फेफड़ों के रोगों से बचाव कर सकते है?

निम्नलिखित बातों का ध्यान रखने से हम कभी भी फेफड़ों के किसी बी रोग से ग्रस्त नहीं हो सकते:

  • व्यायाम नियमित रूप से करना चाहिए|

क्या आप जानते है?

यदि आप हृदय डॉ को बढ़ाने वाली एरोबिक्स एक्सरसाइज करते है तपो यह आपकी सेहत के लिए बहुत बढ़िया साबित होगा|

  • अपने हाथों को कोई भी क्रिया करने के बाद धोएं और ध्यान रखें की बिना धोये हुए हाथों को शरीर के किसी भी अंग को छूने में इस्तेमाल न करें|

  • शरीर में पानी की कमी न होने दे और ध्यान रखें कि आप पौष्टिक भोजन कर रहे हैं|

  • धूम्रपान का सेवन खुद भी न करें और जो करता है उस से दूरी बना क्र रखें क्योंकि पैसिव स्मोकिंग भी सेहत के लिए घातक परिणाम लेकर आती है|

यदि आपने समय पर डॉक्टर को न दिखाया तो आपको किन समस्याओं का सामना करना पड़ सकता है?

यदि आपने समय पर डॉक्टर से मशवरा नहीं किया तो आपको निम्नलिखित समस्याओं का सामना करना पड़ सकता है:

  • आप सांस लेने में गंभीर परेशानी का सामना क सकते है| और इस स्तिथि के और भी गंभीर होने के संकेत है|

  • यदि आपको फेफड़ों का कैंसर है और आपने डॉक्टर को दिखाने में देर कर दी, तो आपकी मृत्यु भी हो सकती है|

  • COPD का यदि समय पर इलाज न करवाया गया तो आपको एसिड भाटा रोग का भी सामना करना पड़ सकता है|

Categories
Pulmonary

Who is a pulmonologist? What are the conditions treated by a pulmonologist?

Are you looking for the best pulmonologist in Punjab? Do you know what conditions he can treat? What are the signs you need to consult the best Chest specialist in Ludhiana? Keep on reading the blog, to find more about the same.

Who is a pulmonologist?
A pulmonologist is someone who addresses the respiratory system problem from asthma to tuberculosis. He is a specialist to diagnoses and treats the problem linked to the respiratory problem. Consulting the pulmonologists will give you the treatment for the given respiratory issues like:
• Infectious
• Structural
• Inflammatory
• Neoplastic, which means having to do with a tumor
• Autoimmune
It is possible that it can reach the cardiovascular system and it leads to conditions like pulmonary vascular disease. Initially, it affects the respiratory system but it is possible other organs are also affected. Our pulmonologist provides you the best care for your health issues.

What is meant by the term pulmonology?
As we have mentioned above the focus is put on diagnosing and treating the problem of the respiratory system. There are even other subspecialties like:
• Interstitial lung disease
The focus is put on lung disease and the problem leads to scarring and inflammation.
• Interventional pulmonology
The focus is put on treating lung problems, pleural diseases, airway disorders, and much more.
• Obstructive lung disease
It includes the airway obstruction or narrowing down
• Sleep disorder breathing issue

What are the various health issues treated by pulmonologists?
Some of the conditions treated by experienced and well-known pulmonologists are:
• Asthma
• Bronchiectasis is a medical problem when there is excess mucus and inflammation
• Bronchitis, which happens when you have inflamed lower airways
• Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a problem that blocks the airflow
• Emphysema is a condition that is characterized by the alveoli lung damage
• Interstitial lung diseases, which affect the space and tissue within the lung
• Occupational lung diseases occur with the inhalation of dust, harmful chemicals, or proteins.
• Obstructive sleep apnea, which causes your breathing to slow or stop entirely while you are asleep

What procedures are used by a pulmonologist?
Here is the list of procedures that a pulmonologist will use to diagnose your condition properly like:
• CT Scan
• Pulmonary Function Test
• Chest Fluoroscopy
• Bronchoscopy
• Chest tube to take out the fluid/air around the lungs
• Sleep study to check the lung disorder
• Thoracentesis
• Pulse Oximetry test
• Chest Ultrasound
Depending on the results of the test, the doctor will strategize the treatment plan for you.

When do you need to consult the pulmonologist?
In case, you are noticing any unwanted or not-so-common symptoms daily, then you need to seek medical assistance. The doctor will check your condition carefully and accordingly tell you what next step should be taken. If you notice any of the given-below symptoms for a long time, then get medical help:
• Have difficulty breathing
• Have a persistent cough
• Regularly cough up blood or mucus
• Smoke
• Have unexplained weight loss
• Have trouble exercising due to breathing problems

Categories
Pulmonary

What preparations should you do before travelling if you are a pulmonary patient?

The holiday season is just a bit away from us. But I know you have started making plans for it beforehand. But what if one of the family members has some kind of pulmonary disease. If this is the situation at your place as well, then this blog post is surely for you:

Arrange a spare oxygen tank: 

Make sure that you are considering the spare oxygen tank to be taken on the trip. If you’re going to a hill station, then you should not neglect this aspect at any point. As the patient is sure to encounter some breathing botherations. To prevent it from worsening and spoiling the flavour of the holiday, the oxygen tank is a necessity. 

An important point to note 

If you are travelling on the plane, then you should still consider taking the oxygen tank with you as the air in the plane is very light and thin. It has been observed many times that travellers with healthy functioning lungs start craving oxygen because of the quality of the air. So there is nothing to worry about!

Try to Reach at the airport sometime before 

You are advised to reach some time before your flight:

  • 4 hours – If you are going to travel via domestic flight
  • 5 hours – If you are going to travel via international flight

If you are carrying POC (Portable Oxygen Concentrator), then you may have to go through some of the additional security checks.

An important point to know 

Travellers considering taking the POC along with them are not allowed to do the online check-in. They are to be physically checked. 

  • Choose the accommodation wisely: Being a pulmonary patient, you are not supposed to climb up the stairs of so many floors. As it will not be good for your pulmonary condition. So when it is about choosing the accommodation, the following factors should be ascertained:
    • The accommodation should be on the ground floor
    • If it is on consecutive floors, then check if there are elevators or not.
  • Special precautions for travelling in the cold places: Spending a vacation in a cold place is the wish of every family. But if there is a pulmonary patient in your family, then you have to be double sure about it. If you are still considering visiting a cold place, then make sure:
    • That you have arrangements to keep your body warm
    • To Prevent the sweating
    • That you stay away from the synthetics
    • You are having a cold-weather mask
  • Prevention from Seasonal infections: Take necessary precautions to prevent yourself from the seasonal infections. The seasonal infections will affect the lungs straightaway. So you need to know some of the key points with which you can make yourself protected from encountering symptoms of such problems.

 

 

Categories
Pulmonary

Asthma: Symptoms, Inhalers and Nebulizers and the asthma attack

Asthma is a condition that is associated with the functioning of the lungs. In this condition, the airways to the lungs are restricted as they are inflamed or narrowed. The inflamed airways become extremely sensitive and they can get affected by almost everything in the environment. When such a thing happens, then the airways become even more narrowed which lead to the formation of mucus. The production of the mucus makes it harder to keep the flow of the air uninterrupted.

What are the symptoms and the causes of asthma?

The most customary symptoms of asthma may include the following:

  • Coughing
  • Wheezing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Pressure in the chest

Please! 

If you encounter any of the above-mentioned symptoms too frequently, then please immediately report to your doctor. Otherwise, you may find yourself in some serious problem. 

Important information

The symptoms of asthma may vary from person to person. Asthma becomes even more prominent when you do vigorous or strenuous exercises. 

What exactly is an asthma attack? 

The asthma attack is experienced when the bands which are present around the airways of the muscles somehow get tightened. The tightening of the bans is known as the bronchospasm. When the individual encounters the attack, then he may surely experience the following symptoms:

  • Sweaty face
  • Blue Lips
  • Blue Fingernails

How does asthma get treated? 

The medications which are especially prescribed for asthma help you to live a normal life. Usually, two kinds of drugs are used to treat the problem:

    • Steroids: Anti-inflammatory drugs like steroids help to reduce the swelling and make an uninterrupted way for the air to flow through your lungs. By taking such medications, you can strengthen your airway. These medications prevent the airways from getting affected by the harmful toxins present in the atmosphere.

Don’t! 

Do not take any kind of inflammatory medication on your own unless suggested by the doctor. 

    • Inhalers: Inhalers are usually the life saviours for asthma patients. These help the patient to experience quick and rapid relief from the following conditions:
      • Coughing
      • Wheezing
      • Chest Tightening
      • Shortness of breathing

There are usually two kinds of inhalers –

      • Short-acting bronchodilator
      • The long-acting bronchodilator.

TIP 

Based on your medical condition, the doctor will suggest which kind of inhaler you should be using. 

  • Asthma nebulizer: If you experience any kind of problem while using the inhalers, then the doctors may guide you to switch to nebulizers. The predominant advantage of using the nebulizer is that it can effectively transform the liquid medicine into the mist.

Bottom  Line 

Today, we can easily find half of the population suffering from asthma. So it becomes more important to have detailed information about asthma.

 

Categories
Pulmonary

What do you know about PFT? How many types of PFT tests are there?

What is PFT? 

PFT stands for the Pulmonary tests function. With this, it is checked whether the lungs are functioning in the required way or not. It is also found out whether the lungs are capable of releasing oxygen properly to different parts of the body or not.

It is one of the non-invasive procedures, whose motive is to measure the following:

  • Lung Volume
  • Flow Rates
  • Volume
  • Gas Exchange
  • Capacity

How many types of PFT are there? 

PFT can be of the following types:

Spirometry  Amount of air you are inhaling and exhaling.
Lung Volumes  The air volume of your lungs
DLCO  Ability to transfer the inhaled air to the blood
Maximal Voluntary Ventilation  Amount of air you inhale and exhale in a single minute
Oxygen Iteration Test  The amount of oxygen a patient needs
Six-minute walk test  Rapidness to walk on the flat surface for about 6 minutes.
Methacholine Challenge tests  Diagnosis of the asthma-like conditions
Cardiopulmonary Exercise testing 
  • Patient’s exercise capacity
  • Evaluation of the cause for the following:
  • Breath Shortness
  • Low Exercise Ability
Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide  Diagnosis of the allergic asthma
Impulse Oscillation  Stiffness and the airways of the lungs are measured.
High Altitude Simulation testing  Blood oxygen levels in the high altitudes.

Why is the PFT performed? 

To know which pulmonary condition you are suffering from, the pulmonologist will consider taking the PFT test into account.

Which risks are associated with the pulmonary condition? 

The PFT test is a non-invasive kind of test, so it does not cause any complications. But if you are not getting the treatment from the right doctor, then you may suffer from the following kind of complications or side effects:

  • Coughing
  • Dizziness
  • Asthma Attack
  • Shortness of the breath

How should you prepare for the test? 

First of all, you need to disclose the entire medical history to your doctor. IF you would not do this, he would not be able to find out the right cause for the problem.

If you are taking any of the prescribed or the non-prescribed medications, then you must tell the doctor everything about it.

One important point 

When you are going for the tests, make sure that you are not overeating. Otherwise, the accurate results of the tests will not be experienced. 

Where should you get the pulmonary function tests done? 

First of all, the right pulmonary test must be taken into account. If in case you experience disturbing pulmonary symptoms, then you should contact Dr. Rahul’s Pulmocare Clinic. We shall be very helpful to treat you. We are best known for our services in this regard.

So book your appointment with us right away. We shall facilitate you by providing the earlier slot.