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How to differentiate between bronchitis and pneumonia?

What is Bronchitis?

Bronchitis is the swelling and infection in the bronchial tubes which carry air to the lungs. One thing that is for sure is that you need to get medical assistance from the best Pulmonologist in Punjab without any delay. If you are looking for the best Chest specialist in Ludhiana then Dr. Rahul Kumar is one of the names you will hear over & over again as an experienced and skilled doctor. Now, coming back to bronchitis it is characterized into 2 types:

  • Acute bronchitis

Last for a few weeks but go away on its own

  • Chronic bronchitis

Serious problem and if you smoke then you are at increased risk.

What is pneumonia?

Pneumonia is a lung infection that occurs in the lung air sac named alveoli. The condition can be mild to serious & people with old age and weak immune systems are at increased risk.

What are the symptoms of bronchitis?

Breathing issues which lead to:

  • Chest congestion, where your chest feels full or clogged

  • Coughing

  • Breath shortness

  • Wheezing or a whistling sound on breathing

Additional symptoms

  • Body aches

  • Chills

  • Runny, stuffy nose

  • Sore throat

  • Feeling wiped out

  • Low fever

What are the symptoms of pneumonia?

  • Cough (mucus is yellow, green, or even bloody)

  • Fever

  • Run-down feeling

  • Headache

  • Shaking chills

  • Shortness of breath (on climbing the stairs)

  • Chest pain

  • Confusion (For adults 65 and older)

  • Heavy sweating and damp skin

  • Throwing up or feeling like

What are the major causes of bronchitis?

The viruses which cause the flu and cold will also lead to bronchitis & sometimes bacteria are the reason. There will be swelling and mucus which will make it difficult to breathe.

What are the major causes of pneumonia?

The major reasons which lead to pneumonia are chemicals, fungi, bacteria, viruses, and mycoplasmas. There will be lung air sac swelling filled with pus & fluid.

Treatment for bronchitis

With acute bronchitis, the problem will be solved within a few weeks. In case, the reason is bacterial then antibiotics are given. In case of allergy, asthma or wheezing inhaler is the suggested option. If the problem is with a child then it is better not to give them cough medicine. Some of the things to manage the symptoms are:

  • You need to drink 8 to 12 glasses of water every day

  • Give your body proper rest

  • Take over-the-counter medications but only after consulting the doctor

  • Take a hot shower, get steam or use a humidifier

Treatment for pneumonia

If the cause of bacteria then an antibiotic is prescribed. If the problem has occurred due to a virus, then an antiviral drug is given. Although, as the condition is severe then you need to get medical assistance on time. Some of the things to manage the symptoms are:

  • Get proper rest

  • Get the medications for fever and pain

  • Increase the intake of fluid

Consult the pulmonologist on time

If you notice any of such symptoms or you are diagnosed with these conditions, then you need to schedule your initial appointment with our Dr. Rahul Kumar to get the best treatment plan to make you feel better.

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