How is pulmonary hypertension diagnosed and the available treatment options?

Pulmonary hypertension is referred to as a type of high blood pressure that affects the lung arteries and heart right side. With this condition, the blood vessels in the lungs are blocked, destroyed, or narrowed down. In some cases, the problem progresses at a low speed but still, it can prove fatal to one’s health. If you are experiencing such a problem or diagnosed with one, then you need to consult the best Pulmonologist in Punjab. In case you are looking for the best Chest specialist in Ludhiana then you should book your consultation at Dr. Rahul’s Pulmocare Clinic.

How is pulmonary hypertension diagnosed?

Pulmonary hypertension takes effort to be diagnosed and it is not possible to get the condition detected through routine physical examination. For this condition, the doctor will suggest you get a physical examination and check what are the signs & symptoms you have. Here are some of the tests which the doctor will perform for the pulmonary hypertension problem.

  • Blood tests

It helps to check what is the reason behind the condition & also look at the possible signs and anything which makes the condition complicated.

  • Chest X-ray

With chest X-ray, it helps to create the image of the lungs, chest, and heart. It can even tell if there is any type of enlargement in the arteries. Through the X-ray, the doctor can determine if there is any other condition that is creating a problem.

  • ECG (Electrocardiogram)

With this non-invasive test, the heart patterns are seen and if there is an abnormal heartbeat it will be noticed. In case, there is right ventricular strain or enlargement then ECG can help to detect that.

  • Echocardiogram

Images of the beating heart are created through sound waves and it even tells the way valves are working.

  • Computerized Tomography (CT)

Through this test, cross-sectional images of the soft tissues, bones, and blood vessels are created in the case there is any blood clot it will be checked and whether the heart size is okay or not.

  • Pulmonary function test

A pulmonary function test is suggested by the doctor to check how much air a person’s lung can hold along with outflow and inflow of the lungs. For this test, a spirometer is used.

How is pulmonary hypertension classified?

It is divided into 4 stages which include the following:

Class 1

Diagnosed with the problem but do not notice any symptoms.

Class 2

Do not notice symptoms at rest, but there are other noticeable symptoms like chest pain, breath shortness and fatigue.

Class 3

At ease when you take rest but symptoms are noticeable when you try to do something physically.

Class 4

Noticing symptoms when you rest and while doing physical activity.

What are the treatment options for pulmonary hypertension?

Although there is no cure, the doctor can suggest a treatment plan to help deal with the condition. Treatment will improve the symptoms you are noticing and the problem will progress at a slow pace. Just make sure that while getting the treatment you visit for follow-up care from time to time and do what your doctor has suggested to you. Once the doctor has treated the underlying cause, it will be easier for you live a better life.

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